Agriculture is one of the oldest and most widespread activities in the world. However, differences between women and men, be it in employment, pay or decisionmaking positions, still persist. Agriculture has a crucial role in food production, environmental protection, landscape preservation, rural employment and food security. Mainstreaming gender into this sector is therefore extremely important.
Culture can be defined as the systems of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people. Gender aspects are relevant to the broad definition of culture as a ‘social construction’ and to the ways in which cultural policy is designed and implemented. This is because cultural rights are human rights, and therefore the rights of both women and men...
The promotion of gender equality can help unleash the talents of women, which has been proven to contribute to sustainable economic growth. There has been an increased focus on gender equality in economic and fiscal policies over the past decade, in particular in taxation, social security and labour market regulation.
Education is a catalyst for social change and necessary to build societies that respect human rights. Education is needed to give women and men the skills to secure steady, well-paid jobs to avoid social exclusion. Gender equality in education is focused on gender-based choices across study fields, gender stereotypes and gender differences in educational achievements.
Over the past decades considerable progress has been made in relation to women’s labour market participation. However, deep gender gaps persist as a result of discriminatory norms and attitudes, unequal distribution of care responsibilities and the failure of institutions to integrate gender into policymaking. The biggest gender gaps in the labour market relate to the rate of employment, part-time work...
Entrepreneurship is crucial in creating jobs, innovation and growth. Interest in women’s entrepreneurship has grown among scholars and policymakers. Women’s entrepeneurship is about gender equality, empowerment and social inclusion, but also relates to economic growth and poverty reduction.
Gender is relevant in all areas of environmental policy. Gender relations between women and men and girls and boys have an impact on who controls environmental resources. Gender is particularly relevant in climate protection policies.
Many phenomena experienced by young people are deeply affected by gender. In certain areas it is young women who are disadvantaged, while in others it is young men. Young women are for example more likely to be affected by low pay and precarious employment, while young men more frequently have trouble in the educational field.
Health policy needs to adequately explore and address the combination of social and biological sources of differences in women’s and men’s health. An understanding of the interaction between sex and gender in the development and management of health can be beneficial in terms of prevention, intervention and outcome.
Women play a key role in most fishing communities and make a significant contribution to the industry. However, they remain largely invisible and their roles are not always acknowledged at the community level.