• Gender inequalities in care and consequences for the labour market

    The year 2020 marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA), the leading roadmap for gender equality in all spheres of public and private life. Many of the challenges identified in the BPfA in 1995 remain relevant today, including the gender pay gap and women’s disproportionate burden of unpaid care. This report focuses on BPfA Area F, ‘Women and the economy’, and explores the ways in which gender inequalities in pay are linked to gender inequalities in care in Europe.

  • Statistical brief: gender balance in largest listed companies

    The persistent gender imbalance amongst key decision-makers in large corporations remains a cause for concern and further targeted action. EIGE biannually monitors the situation in the largest listed companies in each of the 27 EU Member States, United Kingdom and in five of the EU candidate and potential candidate countries that receive support from the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA beneficiaries), as well as in Iceland and Norway.

  • Beijing +25 policy brief: Area F - Women and the economy: care responsibilities and insecure jobs limit women’s empowerment

    Women’s economic empowerment has long been a feature of EU policy, but the shift in priorities in the aftermath of the economic crisis has left the employment policy largely gender blind. Thus the Europe 2020 strategy includes a target of having 75 % of the working age population in employment by 2020 but does not distinguish between women and men.

  • Grey literature on economic and financial affairs

    The promotion of gender equality can help unleash the talents of women, which has been proven to contribute to sustainable economic growth. There has been an increased focus on gender equality in economic and fiscal policies over the past decade, in particular in taxation, social security and labour market regulation.

  • Gender mainstreaming: gender audit

    A gender audit is a tool to assess and check the institutionalisation of gender equality into organisations, including in their policies, programmes, projects and/or provision of services, structures, proceedings and budgets. Gender audits allow organisations ‘to set their own houses in order, and change aspects of the organisational culture which discriminate against women staff and women “beneficiaries”’. As a method for gender mainstreaming, gender audits help organisations identify and understand gender patterns within their composition, structures, processes, organisational culture and management of human resources, and in the design and delivery of policies and services.

  • Tackling the gender pay gap: not without a better work-life balance

    This research note provides an overview of the gender pay gap across the EU, with insights on how it relates to the gender gap in overall earnings and, consequently, the gender pension gap. Moreover, it explores the links between the gender pay gap and emerging policies aimed at improving work-life balance, with a focus on the role of measures put forward by the Commission’s “New Start” initiative on work-life balance for working parents and carers, such as parental and carer’s leave and flexible working arrangements.

  • Gender budgeting. Mainstreaming gender into the EU budget and macroeconomic policy framework

    This report presents the main research results of the gender budgeting (GB) projects implemented by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) in 2016, 2017 and 2018. The projects supported European Union (EU) and EU Member State policy makers and practitioners to take a consistent and systematic approach to implementing gender budgeting as the main gender mainstreaming tool within EU economic governance and budgetary processes.

  • Intersecting inequalities: Gender Equality Index

    “United in diversity” has been the motto of the European Union (EU) since the new millennium. Since its inception, the Gender Equality Index has strived to reflect this diversity. Intersecting inequalities capture how gender is manifested when combined with other characteristics such as age, dis/ability, migrant background, ethnicity, sexual orientation or socioeconomic background. An intersectional perspective highlights the complexity of gender equality.

  • Study and work in the EU: set apart by gender: Report

    Review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action in the EU Member States Gender segregation is a deeply entrenched feature of education systems and occupations across the EU. It refers to the concentration of one gender in certain fields of education or occupations (horizontal segregation) or the concentration of one gender in certain grades, levels of responsibility or positions (vertical segregation).

  • Gender Equality Index 2017: Conference presentations

    The Gender Equality Index is a composite indicator that measures the complex concept of gender equality and, based on the EU policy framework, assists in monitoring progress of gender equality across the EU over time. The release conference on 11 October in Brussels brought together around 300 decision-makers and practitioners to discuss the findings of the Gender Equality Index 2017.

  • Gender Equality Index 2017: Infographics

    The Gender Equality Index is a composite indicator that measures the complex concept of gender equality and, based on the EU policy framework, assists in monitoring progress of gender equality across the EU over time. Further information Gender Equality Index 2017: Online platform Gender Equality Index 2017: Conference page

  • Gender Equality Index 2017: Methodological Report

    The Gender Equality Index is a comprehensive measure for monitoring progress in gender equality across the EU over time. It measures gender gaps and takes into account the context and different levels of achievement of Member States across a range of relevant policy areas. It shows the different outcomes of EU and national policies for women and men and contributes to the development and implementation of evidence-based policymaking in the area of gender equality.