Decreto legislativo 19/11/2007, n. 251, Attuazione della Direttiva 2004/83/CE recante norme minime sull'attribuzione a cittadini di paesi terzi o apolidi della qualifica di rifugiato o di persona altrimenti bisognosa di protezione internazionale, [...]
Recognition of the refugee status, a 5 years' permit to stay that can be extende to one's children, the possibility of asking for family re-union with some facilitations.
Definition of 'refugee' in asylum law
Acts of prosecutions deemed as relevant to recognize someone the status of refugee can concern acts of "physical or psychological violence, or acts specifically directed against one sexual gender or against children" (art. 7 comma 2 lettera e)
Definition of 'particular social group' and type(s) of persecution addressed
Parents who would risk to be persecuted or threatened if they would refuse to practice FGM on their daughters. The law includes both past and future persecution. Art. 3 par.4 states that the fact that someone has already been victim of persecutions or serious harm constitutes a serious indicator of the substance and validity of the fear to be victim of persecution or harm in the future
Number of asylum cases requested on the ground of FGM
Prof. Grassivaro Gallo said she was informed about the case of 1 woman from Togo who was entitled asylum for FGM related causes in Trieste, approx. 4 years ago.