Pay discrimination between men and women, 'all things being unequal'
The problem of pay differentials between men and women, which continues to exist in France, is still a subject for debate, in the light of foreign experience (Australia, Canada, Sweden, Switzerland and the European Union). In other words, "all things being equal" (i.e. at a level of training, experience, occupational category, age, sector of activity deemed equivalent, etc.), women still earn 10 to 15% less than men in France. This situation is explained here by an analysis of all the known and quantifiable variables, and by others that are less mesurable. These are classified into five categories, which come under different fields of analysis.
From the sociological and cultural viewpoint, the question is that of the persistence of social prejudices; from the economic viewpoint, that of "structure and sector effects"; the institutional variables (a more or less centralised method of determining pay, the existence of a minimum wage and/or "pressure" exerted by the trade unions); the more organisational variables, linked to systems of evaluation and classification of functions; lastly, corporate strategies and policies (in particular, individualisation of pay).--SCAD summary.