Widows in european economy and society, 1600-1920
Widows are often viewed as being marginalised in society, struggling to make a living and in need of financial and other support. However, as this extensively researched and wide ranging book reveals, widows did in fact engage very effectively in economic activity, often being in charge of families, households and commercial enterprises. The book outlines how extensive widowhood was, examines the provisions made for the support of widows, including in the form of marriage contracts, dowries and charitable assistance, and provides numerous examples of widows being economically active, paying their way and involving themselves energetically in society - one notable example being Barbe-Nicole Clicquot, who established a very successful company producing La Veuve Clicquot champagne. The book contrasts the situation in different parts of Europe, and between rural and urban areas, and shows how provision for widows both in law and in practice evolved over time. Throughout, the book includes both statistical analysis and individual case studies. Overall, it contributes a great deal both to women's history, helping to correct the image that women were victims of male society, and to family history, showing that exceptions to the "ideal" nuclear family were very common.