Review of the implementation of the Beijing platform for action in the area F : women and the economy : reconciliation of work and family life as a condition of equal participation in the labour market : report
"Despite various policies and measures for the advancement of gender equality promoted and implemented in the EU Member States, women still remain the main carers of children and the elderly. Today, in Europe, women between the ages of 25 to 44 spend three times longer than men in childcare pr day. Likewise, care responsibilities account for the main reason women work far longer hours than men. As a result this limits women's prospects to a balanced working and family life. This report brings together key findings which include the main legislative developments at EU level concerning maternity, paternity and parental leave. The report further presents the latest available sex disaggregated data for parental leave, for the time spent in different activities, and for the accessibility and availability of care facilities for elderly persons. The use of available childcare services in the EU Member States is also presented and discussed. The report's findings demonstrate progress in legislative frameworks given that a number of EU Member States have already made changes to allow for the increased involvement of fathers in childcare. Improvements have also been made in the availability and access of childcare services to parents from across the Member States. Nevertheless, women still remain the main carers for children: they are comparatively more involved in part-time work to be able to care for children, and therefore work longer paid and unpaid hours than men."--Editor.