Literature on gender-sensitive parliaments and gender quotas

Abdela, L. and Boman, A. (2010). Review of InterParliamentary Union Gender Programme “Promoting Gender Equality in Politics”. In-Develop –IPM International Consultants.

Agora (2014). Enhancing women’s representation in parliamentary institutions – The institutional and legal framework. Agora Issue Brief – June 2014.

Celis, K., Childs, S., Kantola, J. and M.L. Krook (2008). Rethinking women’s substantive representation.

Childs, S. and Krook, M.L. (2009). Analysing women’s substantive representation: from critical mass to critical actors. Government and Opposition, 44 (2), pp. 125-145.

Childs, S. and Krook, M.L. (2008). Critical Mass Theory and Women’s Representation. Political Studies, 56, pp. 725-736.

Dahlerup D. (2013). Gender sensitive parliaments. Presentation at the Conference on Effective and Sustainable Participation of women in elected assemblies, held in Algiers, December 10-11, available at

Dahlerup, D.; Hilal, Z.; Kalandadze, N.; Kandawasvika-Nhundu, R. (2013). Atlas of electoral gender quotas. International IDEA publications, Stockholm.

EMC (2014). Women and Political Representation. Handbook on increasing women’s participation in Georgia.

GOPAC (2014). Position Paper on Gender Equality in Parliament and Political corruption.

International Institute for Democracy Electoral Assistance - IDEA (2007) Designing for equality. Best-fit, medium-fit and non-favourable combinations of electoral systems and gender quotas. International IDEA publications, Stockholm.

International Institute for Democracy Electoral Assistance - IDEA (2005). Women in Parliament: beyond numbers. A revised edition. International IDEA Handbook Series, Stockholm.

International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics (2009). Consolidated response on Best Practices used by Political Parties to promote women in politics.  

International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics (2011). Women’s Caucuses.

International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics (2016). Parliamentary Oversight of Gender Equality. Concept note.

InterParliamentary Union (2016). Sexism, harassment and violence against women parliamentarians. Issues Brief, October 2016. Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2013).Guidelines for Women’s Caucuses. Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2012). Plan of Action for gender sensitive parliaments. Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2011). Gender sensitive parliaments. A global review of good practices. Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2009). Is Parliament open to women? An appraisal. Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2008). Equality in Politics. A survey of men and women in parliaments. Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2007). Tools for Parliamentary oversight. Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2006). The role of Parliamentary Committees in mainstreaming gender and promoting the status of women. Seminar for members of parliamentary bodies dealing with gender equality. Reports and Documents n.52, Geneva: IPU.

InterParliamentary Union (2004). Parliament, the budget and gender. Handbook for parlamentarians n.6. Geneva: IPU.


OSCE (2015). A comparative study of structures for women MPs in the OSCE region.

OSCE (2016). Compendium of good practices for advancing women’s political participation in the OSCE region.


Renman, V. and Conroy, C. (2014). Advances in EU Gender Equality: Missing the mark? EPIN Paper 41.

Rosenbluth, F., Kalla, J. and Teele, D. (2015). The female political career. The World Bank – WIP.

United Nations Development Programme, National Democartic Institute for International Affairs (2012). Empowering women for stronger political parties. A guide to promote women’s political participation.

Wängnerud, L. (2013). Beyond Presence: The Principles of Gender Sensitive Parliaments. APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper; American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting.