Mainstreaming Human Rights and Gender into European Security and Defence Policy
The European Union (EU) launched its first crisis management operation in 2003. Since then it has deployed over 20 military, police and rule of law operations on three continents. This handbook gathers together the documents that comprise the guiding principles for those responsible for planning and implementing European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) operations. It also presents examples of how the guiding principles have been used in actual planning documents. The manual is intended to serve as a tool for those who cooperate with, plan, train, carry out, evaluate and report on EU crisis management. One of the aims of the manual is to promote gender mainstreaming in crisis management, and support the implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on Women, Peace and Security in the planning and conduct of ESDP operations. The manual includes a checklist to support the implementation of 1325 which includes pointers such as: Pre-deployment training should include gender and UNSCR 1325 awareness training; During the planning stage, the need for a dedicated gender advisor should be assessed; A list of local women's groups present in the area of operation should be set up. Regular meetings should be held in order to identify issues of concern. Sample job descriptions for gender advisors are also presented. In addition to the focus on gender mainstreaming, the manual includes sections on children affected by armed conflict, international humanitarian law, transitional justice (justice adapted to societies transforming themselves after a period of pervasive human rights abuse), and the protection of civilians.