The main law governing gender equality was adopted during the process of Romania’s entry into the EU, as part of the acquis communautaire: this is Law No. 202/2002 regarding the Equal Opportunities of Women and Men, which has been re-promulgated and amended several times. It enforces equal opportunities and equal treatment in the fields of labour, access to education, health, culture and information. It also establishes the National Commission on Equal Opportunities between Women and Men (CONES) and the National Agency for Equal Opportunities, replaced in 2010 by the Directorate for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men.
The National strategy for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men 2010–2012 sets out gender-equality priorities and includes provisions on matters such as legislation, institutional capacity, economic life, participation in decision-making and gender roles and stereotypes.