French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless people (OFPRA), Doctrine modification in the granting of the subsidiary protection status (July, 2008)
Subsidiary protection (1 year, renewable)
Definition of 'refugee' in asylum law
This act introduces a sub-category among asylum seekers. A subsidiary protection can be granted to those who do not meet the criteria stated in FR_01_LEG3, later FR_05_LEG3, notably if they are threatened to be executed or at risk of suffering inhuman or degrading treatments.
Definition of 'particular social group' and type(s) of persecution addressed
Establishes 3 sub-categories: parents with children at risk of FGM recently arrived in France (status granted) / parent of a child born in France with another parent with documentation (status denied) / parent of a child born in France, with an unknown or undocumented parent (status granted to the child only). The medical certificate confirming that no FGM was performed on demander's children, upon which the subsidiary protection can be granted to parents, has to be renewed each year to renew this status.
Number of asylum cases granted on the ground of FGM
179 (21% of subsidiary protection granted to female asylum seekers). This data is only for adult demanders. Besides, 266 medical certificates were produced for children in 2009 to renew subsidiary protection on the ground of FGM risk.