PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY IN RESEARCH Legal framework There is no specific legal framework in Romanian legislation that addresses gender equality in research. Article 41 of the Romanian Constitution guarantees equal pay for equal work to women and men, while Article 223 of the Penal Code defines sexual harassment at the workplace as a criminal offence. All forms of discrimination are legally sanctioned through Governmental Ordinance 137/2000, which lists sex (not gender) among the prohibited grounds for discrimination.
The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding has developed a GEP. The initiative is part of the Horizon 2020 CALIPER project (2020-2023), which aims to implement structural change and build gender equality expertise in organisations. The Agency conducted an internal and external gender equality assessment and its draft GEP was adopted in mid-September 2021. Further information Gender Equality Plan
The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding has developed a GEP. The initiative is part of the Horizon 2020 CALIPER project (2020-2023), which aims to implement structural change and build gender equality expertise in organisations. The Agency conducted an internal and external gender equality assessment and its draft GEP was adopted in mid-September 2021. Further information GENDER EQUALITY PLAN 2021-2022
The Code of Ethics of the Transilvania University of Brașov is part of its 2016 Charter. The Code creates a promising framework to assure a safer work environment by providing detailed definitions of harassment and sexual harassment. The Law of National Education recommends that universities develop Codes of Ethics and Professional Deontology, but there is no legal requirement for universities to include provisions against gender-based violence, with most universities overlooking or sidelining the issue in their Codes.
Data collection systems vary widely across EU Member States, as they draw on various sources. To improve the collection of administrative data on femicide, EIGE has been working to establish indicators that can harmonise data collection processes across Member States’ jurisdictions. EIGE has collected information from a wide variety of stakeholders through a questionnaire sent to official data providers and an online survey filled in by national experts.
Parental leave is granted to parents, usually after maternity and paternity leave, allowing mothers and fathers to take care of their young children without losing their jobs. Such a policy exists in all EU Member States and in Romania it is called Concediul parental/pentru cresterea copilului. The policy design and eligibility rules vary across the EU and not all women and men in the EU are eligible for parental leave.
With 54.4 out of 100 points, Romania ranks 26th in the EU on the Gender Equality Index. Its score is 13.5 points below the EU’s score. Since 2010, Romania’s score has increased by only 3.6 points (– 0.1 points since 2017). Its ranking has remained the same since 2010 and dropped by one place since 2017. Further information Explore the Gender Equality Index 2020 Gender Equality Index 2020:
With 54.5 out of 100 points, Romania ranks 25th in the EU on the Gender Equality Index. Its score is 12.9 points lower than the EU’s score. Between 2005 and 2017, Romania’s score increased by 4.6 points (+ 2.1 points since 2015). Romania is progressing towards gender equality at a slower pace than other EU Member States. Its rank has dropped one place since 2005.
The recommendations were developed after an in-depth analysis of data collection from the police and justice sectors. They aim to improve administrative data collection on intimate partner violence to better inform policies and to help the Member States meet the monitoring requirements outlined in both Directive 2012/29/EU (the Victims’ Rights Directive) and the Istanbul Convention. Read more Data collection on intimate partner violence by the police and justice sectors - all EU countries Indicators on intimate partner violence and rape for the police and justice sectors EIGE's work on data collection on violence against women
The Gender Equality Index 2017 examines the progress and challenges in achieving gender equality across the European Union from 2005 to 2015. Using a scale from 1 (full inequality) to 100 (full equality), it measures the differences between women and men in key domains of the EU policy framework (work, money, knowledge, time, power and health). The Index also measures violence against women and intersecting inequalities.
Many women victims of intimate partner violence in the EU Member States remain unprotected. Perpetrators often go unpunished due to inadequate law enforcement approaches, which do not align with international human rights treaties. A gender-neutral approach to the law, coupled with the unavailability of data and existing stereotypes result in the denial of violence against women and its tolerance or normalisation.
Violence against women is rooted in women’s unequal status in society, and that status reflects the unbalanced distribution of social, political, and economic power among women and men in society. It is one of the most pervasive human rights violations of our time and a form of discrimination that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women.