In relation to violence against women, the term survivor is used to attribute agency to the woman who has been subjected to gender-based violence. This term is often used interchangeably with the more conventional term victim. The term survivor may, however, be misleading when used about a woman who has been raped, since it might imply that her actions could have made a difference and thus be consistent with victim-blaming.
See also: victim
European Parliament, Policy Department C: Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs (2013). Overview of the Worldwide Best Practices for Rape Prevention and for Assisting Women Victims of Rape.