Measures targeted at a particular group and intended to eliminate and prevent discrimination or to offset disadvantages arising from existing attitudes, behaviours and structures.
Specific action aims at favouring access by members of certain categories of people, in this particular case, women, to rights which they are guaranteed, to the same extent as members of other categories, in this particular case, men.
Together with gender mainstreaming, specific action is one of the two approaches to gender equality implemented by the European Union.
See also: positive measures
(1) European Commission (1998). 100 Words for Equality: A Glossary of Terms on Equality between Women and Men; (2) Gender Equality Commission of the Council of Europe (2015). Gender Equality Glossary; (3) Council Conclusions on the effectiveness of institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women and gender equality, 2013. Available at: