In achieving the goal of equal participation of women and men, a 50/50 participation rate is generally considered as the parity objective. A minimum participation rate of 40 % for both women and men is considered by the Council of Europe as the parity threshold.
See also: parity
(1) Council of Europe (2003) Recommendation REC(2003) on balanced participation of women and men in political and public life;
(2) Council of Europe (2007). Recommendation CM/REC (2007)17 of the Committee of Ministers on gender equality standards and mechanisms;
(3) European Parliament (2012). Report on Women in Political Decision-Making – Quality And Equality (2011/2295(INI)).