The term ‘parental rights’ refers to the rights and obligations of parents concerning their children. Parents, with a view to supporting children's healthy growth, harmonious personal development and the capacity to lead an independent life and career, have the right and obligation to take care of the life, personal development, rights and benefits of their children.
Thus, parental rights also reflect the child’s rights as a human being. Parental rights can never be against the basic human rights of a child, as governed by national and international legislation. The United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner states all the rights of the child in the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Parental rights are conferred upon both parents. This term is also referred to as ‘parental responsibility’.
See also: parental leave
1) The United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner http://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx 2)
The official website of the Government of the United Kingdom https://www.gov.uk/parental-rights-responsibilities; 3) EIGE experts.