Portugal // Laws and Policies

The main policy instruments are the Fifith National Plan for Equality – Gender, Citizenship and Non-Discrimination (2014-2017)​, and the National Plan against Domestic Violence. 

In 2008, a Resolution of the Council of Ministers was central in the progress towards gender mainstreaming. This document defined measures to promote gender mainstreaming in the central administration of the state. Measures include 1) an ex ante assessment of each government department in order to better draft a ministerial Plan for Equality, which will be implemented, monitored and evaluated, and to define strategic objectives and operational measures according to priority intervention areas (defining a timeframe for implementation and human and financial resources); 2) the promotion of gender-neutral language and avoidance of stereotypical images in communication materials; 3) the promotion of gender budgeting; and 4) the integration of the gender dimension at all levels of decision-making in each government department. The resolution also approved the statute of Counsellors for Equality and the members of the Interdepartmental Teams.

 

In 2003, the Second National Plan for Equality underlined the importance of systematically considering and integrating the gender dimension in the elaboration and implementation of government policies and actions. The concept of gender mainstreaming is expressly mentioned in this document and it is identified within the structural measures for public administration. The Third National Plan for Equality – Citizenship and Gender, approved in 2007, assumes gender mainstreaming as the main guiding principle to integrate gender concerns in all policy domains. 

In 2008, a Resolution of the Council of Ministers was central in the progress towards gender mainstreaming. This document defined measures to promote gender mainstreaming in the central administration of the state. Measures include 1) an ex ante assessment of each government department in order to better draft a ministerial Plan for Equality, which will be implemented, monitored and evaluated, and to define strategic objectives and operational measures according to priority intervention areas (defining a timeframe for implementation and human and financial resources); 2) the promotion of gender-neutral language and avoidance of stereotypical images in communication materials; 3) the promotion of gender budgeting; and 4) the integration of the gender dimension at all levels of decision-making in each government department. The resolution also approved the statute of Counsellors for Equality and the members of the Interdepartmental Teams.

Gender mainstreaming is again present in the Fourth National Plan for Equality – Gender, Citizenship and Non-Discrimination that came into force in 2011. It recognises gender mainstreaming as one of the three pillars of its strategic approach, and considers it a requirement for good governance: a gender perspective should be transversally integrated in all policy domains. 

In 2013, the V National Plan for Gender Equality, Citizenship and Non-discrimination 2014-2017 was approved. The V PNI aims at the strengthening of the promotion of gender equality in all areas of governance, as well as the intervention in the fields of education, health and labour market, since these areas are considered to be worthy of greater investment to broaden and deepen the respective measures, being an important means for the intersectoral coordination of the policy for gender equality and non-discrimination based on sex and sexual orientation.

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