Luxemburg’s equality domestic legislation is mainly linked to the transposition of EU directives. This is the case of the Equality Treatment Act 2006, which transposed EU Directives 2000/43 and 2000/78 on employment equality and racial equality into national legislation. It also created the independent Centre for Equal Treatment, whose purpose is to promote, analyse and monitor equal treatment between all individuals without discrimination on the basis, inter alia, of sex.
Since July 2006, Luxembourg’s constitution has affirmed that women and men are equal in terms of rights and duties and that the state promotes the elimination of any obstacles in the field of equality between women and men. Even if positive actions did previously exist, the adoption of this provision provided a legal basis for those actions.
The influence of the CEDAW and the Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA) was fundamental for the development of national equality policies: the National Action Plan on Equality between Women and Men complements the fifth Luxembourg CEDAW report and includes the 12 critical areas of concern identified by the BPfA. The National Action Plan refers to gender mainstreaming as a means of political action to systematically integrate the needs, conditions and priorities of women and men in all policies.