The Law on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men was issued in 1998 to ensure the implementation of the Lithuanian constitution, which had enshrined equal rights for women and men and prohibited any form of discrimination based on sex. The constitution prohibits discrimination within employment, education, and supply and access to goods and services. The Law on Equal Treatment in 2005 expanded the list of protected grounds to include ethnicity/race, sexual orientation, age, disability and religion/belief, and reaffirmed the principle of protection from gender-based discrimination.
The national programmes on equal opportunities for women and men and the action plans for their implementation include gender-mainstreaming references. They cover the work of all ministries and are based on the principles of strategic planning. The programmes and plans set out concrete measures, implementation timeframes, ministerial responsibilities, and the resources needed to implement gender-mainstreaming goals.