The first strategic document in the field of gender-equality policy in Latvia was the Concept Paper on Gender Equality Implementation (2001). The concept paper was used as the foundation for the development of further plans of action and documents to implement the goals set in this policy document. Since then, gender mainstreaming has been the main method for facilitating the principle of gender equality in Latvia, and is constantly adjusted and improved in light of economic, social and political changes and in order to increase awareness of how gender pervades all government policies.
Before 2004, the European Union (EU) accession process played an essential role in promoting gender mainstreaming, with EU gender-equality directives being transposed into national law, and principles determined by the fundamental treaties of the EU being applied in national legislation and policymaking.
Gender mainstreaming has been at the centre of each of the Gender Equality Action Plans adopted by the government in 2004, 2007 and 2012. Equal opportunities, including gender equality, are a horizontal priority for actions undertaken by the European Social Fund (ESF) and by all EU Structural Funds in the period 2007–2013.