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The first efforts for implementing gender mainstreaming in Greece were made in the 2000s, when the General Secretariat for Gender Equality (GSGE) actively participated in the planning process of the third Community Support Framework (CSF) 2000–2006, which is Greece’s development programme financed by European Union (EU) Structural Funds. As a result, actions for gender equality were included in the operational programmes of the CSF, equality officers were appointed for each operational programme, and regional Committees for Gender Equality were set up across the country. The next opportunity for implementing gender mainstreaming occurred with the new CSF for 2007–2013, called the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF), in which gender mainstreaming is described as an improvement factor for the quality of public policies. The participation of the GSGE resulted in the inclusion of a specific gender equality axis in the Administrative Reform Operational Programme, named ‘Enhancement of Gender Equality in all Fields of Public Administration’.

In 2010, an integrated gender-mainstreaming strategy at national level was launched within the framework of the National Programme for Substantive Gender Equality 2010–2013. According to the programme, ‘GSGE has ensured the required cooperation of the competent general secretaries, who shall promote the strategic goal of gender mainstreaming in central and regional policies of the country, so as to decrease the gender gap in the target group that the respective policies address’.